Axioms of fascism

13 March 2006

Lewis Lapham paraphrases Umberto Eco’s axioms of fascism:

  • “The truth is revealed once and only once.
  • Parliamentary democracy is by definition rotten because it doesn’t represent the voice of the people, which is that of the sublime leader.
  • Doctrine outpoints reason, and science is always suspect.
  • Critical thought is the province of degenerate intellectuals, who betray the culture and subvert traditional values.
  • The national identity is provided by the nation’s enemies.
  • Argument is tantamount to treason.
  • Perpetually at war, the state must govern with the instruments of fear.
  • Citizens do not act; they play the supporting role of “the people” in the grand opera that is the state.’

-Harpers, October 2005, pg 7

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